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OARE Short Course

July 2013

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Language: English

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OARE Access Problems and Solutions for Full-Text Articles (July 2013)

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Language: English

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SCOPUS: Searching for Scientific Articles (May 2010)

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Language: English

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Ecosystem Management

Scientific evidence shows that ecosystems are under unprecedented pressure, threatening prospects for sustainable development. While the challenges are daunting, they also provide opportunities for local communities, business and government to innovate for the benefit of communities, economies and the global environment. However, in order to secure the environmental conditions for prosperity, stability and equity, timely responses that are proportionate to the scale of the environmental challenges will be required. In creating such responses, governments, the international community, the private sector, civil society and the general public all have an important role to play. As the environmental programme of the United Nations, UNEP is working to articulate, facilitate and support appropriate responses.

Governing Marine Protected Areas – Getting the Balance Right
Whilst much guidance exists on how to manage marine protected areas (MPAs), there is little guidance available on how to combine top-down, bottom-up and market approaches to achieve effective and equitable management of MPAs. To fill this gap, a new UNEP Report - Governing Marine Protected Areas – Getting the Balance Right - offers a new approach to planning of sustainable MPAs. The report presents a new governance framework underpinned by 20 MPA case studies from around the world; reviewed by MPA planners, managers, and governance experts. The complexity of MPA governance has been ‘deconstructed’ using 40 parameters (incentives) in five categories. Guidance and policy options are provided on how MPA planners might combine different incentives to support MPA governance in different contexts.
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UNEP Policy Series on Ecosystem Management - Issue 4 (Food and ecological security )
We are pleased to send you the 4th issue of the UNEP Policy Series on Ecosystem Management. The current issue focuses on the synergy and trade-offs in ensuring food and ecological security. World-wide, food prices are soaring forcing countries to swiftly take measures to increase their food security. Most of these measures aim to step up food production; mostly through agricultural intensification with higher levels of input i.e. fertilizer, pesticides, water and new varieties of crops through plant breeding and genetic engineering. This increased pressure on cultivated ecosystems will degrade ecosystems’ ability to provide services to society.
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The Social Dimension of Ecosystem-based Adaptation
An important feature of Ecosystem-based Adaptation to climate change (EbA), besides environmental and adaptation benefits, is the pursuit of social benefits for local communities including vulnerable groups, such as women, youth and indigenous people (e.g. increases in income, diversification of jobs, educational opportunities and gender equality). While EbA can target specific social or environmental impacts, one of its strengths is in the ability to simultaneously maximize synergies between multiple environmental, economic and social goals. With regards to social benefits, properly implemented EbA projects have the potential to deliver benefits for local communities including food security, shelter, risk reduction, freshwater and medicine supply, and local climate regulation. This issue of the UNEP Policy Series on Ecosystem Management highlights the importance of the social dimension in developing and implementing ecosystem-based approaches to climate change adaptation through supportive policies and policy instruments.
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